Heroin is an illegal and highly addictive drug. This drug is an opioid, a drug that is derived from the (opiate) poppy plant's seeds. The opiate chemicals combined with other ingredients for more cost-effective distribution on the street. Opioids block the brain's ability to perceive pain, giving users a feeling of calm, safety, and euphoria. This drug and others like it are highly addictive.
Treatment is needed for an addiction to this drug. For more heroin addiction treatment information and numerous options, contact Tulsa Drug Treatment Centers at (918) 770-8043.
According to drugfreeworld.org, an estimated 13.5 million people around the world take opioids. Of this number, 9.2 million use heroin. The same source indicates that opiates, mostly heroin, account for approximately 18 percent of admissions for drug and alcohol treatment in the US. In a 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 605,000 Americans ages 12 and older admitted to abusing heroin at least once in the year prior to the survey. According to caron.org, statistics indicate that opiate abuse and addiction costs Americans over $484 billion annually. This includes health care costs, lost wages, car accidents, and crime.
The drug is most intense when it's injected. When injecting, the rush often occurs within seconds, as opposed to sniffing her smoking, where the effects can take at least 10 minutes to set in. It's not uncommon for people to use heroin along with other drugs such as cocaine and/or alcohol. Some users might snort alternate lines of heroin and cocaine, or injected along with another drug.
Short-term effects of heroin use include euphoria, heavy feeling in the hands and feet, alternate drowsy and wakeful states, warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and slowed breathing and heart rate. Over a longer period of time, possible health effects may include collapsed veins, infection of the lining and valves in the heart, abscesses, and liver or kidney disease.
There is also an increased risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases that come from shared needles. Withdrawal effects can include restlessness, bone and muscle pain, cold flashes with goosebumps, and insomnia. These effects can be life-threatening.
Heroin addiction is often debilitating and can lead to life-threatening health problems. Many people suffering from addiction have the best chance of recovery in the earlier stages. At first, heroine abusers and attics might be able to conceal signs related to their drug use. However, loved ones or coworkers often notice unusual signs and symptoms. The drug can be used in a variety of ways such as snorting, sniffing, smoking, or injection into a vein or muscle. Commonly used names for the drug include smack, junk, and H.
As with other opiates, the main effects of heroine are drowsiness and a deep sense of relaxation. A person thinking often becomes cloudy, and it's not uncommon for the user to experience a trance-like state that come last between 4 to 6 hours at a time. During this time, the persons breathing and heart rate tend to slow down. As an opiate, the drug also causes a decreased sensation of pain.
Abusers commonly turn to heroin for its pleasurable sensation, which is often referred to as a rush. The effects often very in intensity and duration depending on how much of the drug is taken and how quickly it enters the brain. One of the reasons why it's so popular is because it enters the brain very quickly.
Heroin addiction treatment options include medications and behavioral therapies. Some of the most commonly used drugs to help treat withdrawal symptoms include methadone and buprenorphine. Another drunk that's often used is naltrexone, which is available in short and long-acting forms. Popular behavioral therapies include contingency management, motivational incentives, and a 12 step recovery program.