Medical Detox in Tulsa, OH (918) 770-8043
Medical detox is specified as a procedure by where medications are administered to the patient during detox under medical supervision. In medical detox, the body is flushed of toxic substances from the system in a metered pace. The body begins the detox process shortly after the patient's last consumption of the controlled substance.
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The Difference Between Professional and "Home" Detox
In medical detox, or detoxification, an assessment is done to weigh medical history for any current health issues or prescription requirements. The medical detox procedure begins by medications, in steadily decreased amounts, given to taper the drug at controlled intervals to manage the detoxification process. It is essential to maintain the managed pace to reduce the symptoms of withdrawal and ease the physical strain the body endures.
Attempting to detox "cold turkey" at home is risky. Drug and alcohol detox should be completed with medical supervision so that medical personnel an monitor the process. Withdrawal symptoms observed in the detoxification process can be very serious, and any resulting emergency could not be anticipated and addressed at home. The chance of successfully detoxing is diminished without appropriate medical supervision.
- Meth (methamphetamine) - Withdrawal symptoms are primarily mental or psychological. Symptoms include anxiety, agitation, insomnia, severe drug cravings, and at times, psychotic behavior.
- OxyContin (oxycodone) - OxyContin effects the pleasure centers of the brain. Addiction to an opiate is a result of tolerance. Withdrawal symptoms include sedative/hypnotic effects, headache, rash, dry mouth, constipation, dizziness, sweating, nausea/vomiting, and seizures.
- Alcohol withdrawal - Symptoms tend to appear that are opposite in nature to the depressant effect of alcohol. Common symptoms are anxiety, agitation, seizures, tremors, and irritability. Less common and more dangerous is DT's (delirium tremens). These symptoms are severe, and can be life-threatening.
- Heroin - Heroin is an opiate. Opiates block the sensation of pain and produces a depressant effect. Withdrawal symptoms noted are: cravings, sweating, fever, leg cramps, muscle aches, runny nose, nausea and vomiting, and insomnia.
Medications Used for Medical Detox
- Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone) - A partial opioid agonist indicated for treatment of opioid dependence.
- Methadone - An opioid, methadone reduces withdrawal symptoms and is used as a replacement drug for heroin during detoxification. It is also used during detox for other opiate drugs.
- Naltrexone (Naltrexone hydrochloride) - Naltrexone is a pure opioid antagonist. It works by blocking the effects of opioids.
- Antabuse (disulfiram) - Is used in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. Antabuse disrupts an enzyme that works with metabolizing alcohol. It is used to keep alcoholics from drinking by creating unpleasant side-effects such as nausea, vomiting, cramping, and more.
Why Detox is Not Drug Treatment
Detox is a very strenuous and difficult process to endure. Spontaneous abstinence does not rid the addict of the cravings, urges, and physical symptoms. Drug rehab treatment is a complete program that addresses all elements of addiction. Other elements of addiction, such as the behavioral, psychological, and emotional components, are not attended to in detox.
Without drug and alcohol treatment, the addict is unprepared to manage detox, withdrawal, and the mental and emotional situations that they will face. Aspects of the addict's life will pose environmental and social triggers that can sabotage recovery without the proper tools, education, support, and guidance gained through treatment.
Inpatient treatment options offer the safest and highest level of care when someone needs treatment for addiction. Detox is the first step, and is best managed in a medically supervised environment. Inpatient treatment also offers a range of programs to treat addiction with a broad approach that increases the likelihood of success.